Download Test of English as a Foreign Language - Sentence Completion.TOEFL Completion.PracticeTest.2018-02-08.75q.vcex

Vendor: English
Exam Code: TOEFL Completion
Exam Name: Test of English as a Foreign Language - Sentence Completion
Date: Feb 08, 2018
File Size: 76 KB
Downloads: 1

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Demo Questions

Question 1
It is ironic and somehow tragic that good people are often dull while evil people can be endlessly
  1. ordinary
  2. stubborn
  3. skeptical
  4. fascinating
  5. unobtrusive
Correct answer: D
Explanation:
The word "ironic" signifies a contradiction of ideas within the sentence, and the conjunction "while:" indicates that the characteristics of the good people and the evil people are being contrasted. Therefore, if the good people are often 'dull', the evil people must be having a characteristic which is the opposite of being 'dull'. Among the given choices, it is only the word 'fascinating' that is opposite in meaning to the world 'dull'. So, D is the answer.
The word "ironic" signifies a contradiction of ideas within the sentence, and the conjunction "while:" indicates that the characteristics of the good people and the evil people are being contrasted. Therefore, if the good people are often 'dull', the evil people must be having a characteristic which is the opposite of being 'dull'. Among the given choices, it is only the word 'fascinating' that is opposite in meaning to the world 'dull'. So, D is the answer.
Question 2
Because most of them lack recreational facilities, high rise apartments have been criticized in recent years as _______ for families with children.
  1. unsuitable
  2. degrading
  3. important
  4. inevitable
  5. appropriate
Correct answer: A
Explanation:
The use of conjunction because in the beginning of the sentence shows that there is no contradiction within the sentence but, on the contrary, the second part of the sentence follows logically from the first part. If high rise buildings are 'important', 'inevitable' or 'appropriate' for families with children, they cannot be 'criticized' for that reason. So, C, D and E can be rejected straightway, and the choice is only between A and B. The lack of recreational facilities in most high-rise buildings cannot lead to a conclusion that all high-rise buildings are 'degrading' for families with children. The logical statement can be that such buildings are 'unsuitable' for families with children. So, A is the best choice.
The use of conjunction because in the beginning of the sentence shows that there is no contradiction within the sentence but, on the contrary, the second part of the sentence follows logically from the first part. If high rise buildings are 'important', 'inevitable' or 'appropriate' for families with children, they cannot be 'criticized' for that reason. So, C, D and E can be rejected straightway, and the choice is only between A and B. The lack of recreational facilities in most high-rise buildings cannot lead to a conclusion that all high-rise buildings are 'degrading' for families with children. The logical statement can be that such buildings are 'unsuitable' for families with children. So, A is the best choice.
Question 3
Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, which graphically exposed the _______ of the indiscriminate use of pesticides, is widely credited with having _______ the modern environmental movement.
  1. advantages...inaugurated
  2. hazards...defused
  3. benefits...launched
  4. deaths...contained
  5. dangers...inspired
Correct answer: C
Explanation:
The word 'exposed', and the phrase 'indiscriminate use of pesticides', imply that the first missing word must be one which stands for something bad that is associated with the use of pesticides. So, the choices 'advantages' and 'benefits' can be ruled out first. Since the phrase 'deaths of the indiscriminate use of pesticides' does not make sense, the choice 'deaths' can also be ruled out, leaving 'hazards' {meaning 'risks') and dangers as the only possible choices for the first missing word. If the pair 'hazards., defused' is chosen, the sentence would mean that the exposure of the hazards of using pesticides defused (or weakened) the modern environmental movement, which is illogical. The pair 'dangers., inspired' completes a cogent and logical sentence.
The word 'exposed', and the phrase 'indiscriminate use of pesticides', imply that the first missing word must be one which stands for something bad that is associated with the use of pesticides. So, the choices 'advantages' and 'benefits' can be ruled out first. Since the phrase 'deaths of the indiscriminate use of pesticides' does not make sense, the choice 'deaths' can also be ruled out, leaving 'hazards' {meaning 'risks') and dangers as the only possible choices for the first missing word. If the pair 'hazards., defused' is chosen, the sentence would mean that the exposure of the hazards of using pesticides defused (or weakened) the modern environmental movement, which is illogical. The pair 'dangers., inspired' completes a cogent and logical sentence.
Question 4
Having turned out forty solo recordings, this hardworking harpsichordist can almost be classed as
  1. a contradiction
  2. a sluggard
  3. an apprentice
  4. an event
  5. an industry
Correct answer: E
Explanation:
The harpsichordist (a musician who plays the instrument harpsichord) referred to in the sentence is described as hardworking, and is stated to have turned out as many as forty solo recordings. He can therefore not be classed as a contradiction, or a sluggard (meaning a lazy person) or an apprentice. Classifying him as an event is not as appropriate as classifying him as an industry by himself. So, E is the answer.
The harpsichordist (a musician who plays the instrument harpsichord) referred to in the sentence is described as hardworking, and is stated to have turned out as many as forty solo recordings. He can therefore not be classed as a contradiction, or a sluggard (meaning a lazy person) or an apprentice. Classifying him as an event is not as appropriate as classifying him as an industry by himself. So, E is the answer.
Question 5
It is impossible for a serious scholar to condone this _______ dismissal of respected theories.
  1. astute
  2. cavalier
  3. sagacious
  4. necessary
  5. commendable
Correct answer: B
Explanation:
If the theories are respected ones, their dismissal by someone cannot be described as astute (meaning very intelligent), or sagacious (meaning wise), or necessary, or commendable (meaning praiseworthy). It can only be described as cavalier (meaning arrogant or rash). So, B is the answer.
If the theories are respected ones, their dismissal by someone cannot be described as astute (meaning very intelligent), or sagacious (meaning wise), or necessary, or commendable (meaning praiseworthy). It can only be described as cavalier (meaning arrogant or rash). So, B is the answer.
Question 6
Harrying the foe with artillery fire and _______them with fire ships, the English forced the Spanish to_______ their invasion attempt.
  1. dispersing...abandon
  2. ramming...confirm
  3. restricting...rebuff
  4. helping...reconsider
  5. reinforcing...ignore
Correct answer: A
Explanation:
The sentence obviously describes a war between the British and the Spanish, which was started by an attempt of the Spanish to invade Britain. If, in that attempt, the Spanish were harried (meaning harassed) by the British with artillery fire, what would be Spanish have been forced to do with their invasion attempt? 'Abandon' is the best among the given choices for the second missing word. Its pair-word 'dispersing' is also equally appropriate for the first missing blank. So, A is the answer
The sentence obviously describes a war between the British and the Spanish, which was started by an attempt of the Spanish to invade Britain. If, in that attempt, the Spanish were harried (meaning harassed) by the British with artillery fire, what would be Spanish have been forced to do with their invasion attempt? 'Abandon' is the best among the given choices for the second missing word. Its pair-word 'dispersing' is also equally appropriate for the first missing blank. So, A is the answer
Question 7
Fortunately, Ms. Mason has the unusual ability to transform a tedious legal contention into an _______ account.
  1. arid
  2. erratic
  3. improbable
  4. absorbing
  5. interminable
Correct answer: D
Explanation:
The use of the word 'fortunately' shows that the unusual ability of Ms. Mason is a desirable one. So, the result of the transformation of the tedious legal contention must have been something more desirable. Among the choices, it is only the word 'absorbing' that represents a desirable quality. So, D is the answer.
The use of the word 'fortunately' shows that the unusual ability of Ms. Mason is a desirable one. So, the result of the transformation of the tedious legal contention must have been something more desirable. Among the choices, it is only the word 'absorbing' that represents a desirable quality. So, D is the answer.
Question 8
The descriptions in these essays range widely, from the fanciful to the matter-of-fact, from the _______ to the fatuous, from the objective to the
  1. witty...realistic
  2. meager...descriptive
  3. insightful...impressionistic
  4. inane. commonplace
  5. articulate...empirical
Correct answer: C
Explanation:
One example of the wide range of description in the essays referred to in the given sentence is mentioned as 'from the fanciful to the matter-of-fact'. Since these are exact opposites, the other two phrases should also represent exact opposites. So, the first missing must be the opposite of the word fatuous' (meaning 'silly'), and the second missing word must be the opposite of the word 'objective' (meaning 'unemotional'). Among the given choices, it is the pair 'insightful/ and 'impressionistic' which are the opposites of 'fatuous' and 'subjective' respectively. So, C is the answer.
One example of the wide range of description in the essays referred to in the given sentence is mentioned as 'from the fanciful to the matter-of-fact'. Since these are exact opposites, the other two phrases should also represent exact opposites. So, the first missing must be the opposite of the word fatuous' (meaning 'silly'), and the second missing word must be the opposite of the word 'objective' (meaning 'unemotional'). Among the given choices, it is the pair 'insightful/ and 'impressionistic' which are the opposites of 'fatuous' and 'subjective' respectively. So, C is the answer.
Question 9
Students who interpret the honor strictly find it _______ that some bright students complete take-home examinations for less proficient friends.
  1. remedial
  2. irreproachable
  3. unconscionable
  4. irrelevant
  5. magnanimous
Correct answer: C
Explanation:
The sentence seeks to contrast the attitudes of two sets of students-those who interpret the honor code strictly, and those who answer the take-home examinations on behalf of other, less intelligent students. Obviously, those students who interpret the honor code strictly would held that no student should attempt to answer the take home examination for another student. They would, therefore, not consider the practice a brighter student answering the home examination of a less bright student as 'remedial', or 'irreproachable', or 'irrelevant', or 'magnanimous'. They would certainly consider this practice as 'unconscionable (meaning against one's conscience'). So, C is the answer.
The sentence seeks to contrast the attitudes of two sets of students-those who interpret the honor code strictly, and those who answer the take-home examinations on behalf of other, less intelligent students. Obviously, those students who interpret the honor code strictly would held that no student should attempt to answer the take home examination for another student. They would, therefore, not consider the practice a brighter student answering the home examination of a less bright student as 'remedial', or 'irreproachable', or 'irrelevant', or 'magnanimous'. They would certainly consider this practice as 'unconscionable (meaning against one's conscience'). So, C is the answer.
Question 10
The discovery that interstellar_______ exist _______ the scientific hypothesis that the expanses between the stars are devoid of matter.
  1. galaxies...revived
  2. constellations...prompted
  3. molecules...demolished
  4. vastness...challenged
  5. Vacuums. Altered
Correct answer: C
Explanation:
(The word 'interstellar' means 'the space between stars'.) The sentence speaks of 'the scientific hypothesis that the expanses between the stars are devoid of matter'. A hypothesis can be either confirmed or falsified by any new discovery. So, among the choices for the second missing word, 'demolished' is the only word, which has one of these meanings. The theory that the expanses between the stars are devoid of matter would certainly have been demolished, if it had been discovered that there are molecules in interstellar space. Thus, the word 'molecules;' also fits in well to give a cogent meaning to the sentence. So, C is the answer.
(The word 'interstellar' means 'the space between stars'.) The sentence speaks of 'the scientific hypothesis that the expanses between the stars are devoid of matter'. A hypothesis can be either confirmed or falsified by any new discovery. So, among the choices for the second missing word, 'demolished' is the only word, which has one of these meanings. The theory that the expanses between the stars are devoid of matter would certainly have been demolished, if it had been discovered that there are molecules in interstellar space. Thus, the word 'molecules;' also fits in well to give a cogent meaning to the sentence. So, C is the answer.
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